On April 13, 2021, the U.S. Court of International Trade (CIT) issued a Scheduling Order in response to the joint status report filed the previous day by the plaintiffs and U.S. government defendants in the ongoing litigation involving more than 3,700 complaints challenging the legality of duties implemented on certain imports from China pursuant to Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974. The report addressed the briefing schedule for the sample case selected by the CIT, HMTX Industries LLC, et al. v. United States, et al., and issues requiring early case management intervention.

The status report makes clear that the parties continue to strongly disagree on the issue of interim relief for liquidated entries of duties already paid under Section 301. The government defendants argue that any liquidated entries have “become final and conclusive” and that relief is not available even if the plaintiffs ultimately prevail in this litigation. The plaintiffs continue to argue that recent court decisions support the availability of such refunds. Because the parties cannot agree on the interim relief issue, the plaintiffs stated in the joint status report that they will seek expedited resolution from the CIT as to the availability of refunds for liquidated entries and plan to file by April 22 a motion in the sample case seeking (1) a declaratory judgment of the CIT’s authority to order such refunds if the plaintiffs prevail on the merits and, in the alternative, (2) a preliminary injunction limited to suspending the liquidation of unliquidated entries pending a final judgment in the litigation.

The chart below identifies key dates in the litigation:

Defendants file administrative record index April 30, 2021 N/A
Defendants file their dispositive motion, including any defenses, objections, or other arguments that would otherwise be presented pursuant to USCIT Rule 12 June 1, 2021 20,000
Plaintiffs file combined response and dispositive cross motion August 2, 2021 20,000
Amicus curiae file supporting briefs (if any) August 9, 2021 5,000
Defendants file combined reply supporting their dispositive motion and response to cross motion (including any response to amicus briefs) October 1,2021 10,000 (+ up to half of total amicus words)
Plaintiffs file reply supporting their cross motion November 15, 2021 10,000