On November 30, 2018, the United States, Mexico and Canada officially signed the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), a proposed free trade agreement that, if approved by Congress and ratified by the governments of Canada and Mexico, would revise and modernize the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Known as “NAFTA 2.0” during the trilateral negotiations, the USMCA is expected to be debated by the 116th Congress in the coming months as it considers legislation to implement the agreement. The new free trade agreement, consisting of 34 chapters and 14 side letters, retains many of NAFTA’s chapters but also makes notable changes and additions to the original trade agreement among the three countries.

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